# Milestones:

Telling the Time

For your classroom

# Getting started

Check the ACARA website for the most up-to-date Curriculum, as well as your state curriculum if needed.

Version “WIP Very Very Early”

## Telling the Time Milestones Sheet

The Milestones **provide a default position** for schools to adopt a whole school approach for the development of properties and mental strategies associated with telling the time.

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Having a whole school approach is essential and the Milestones suite of resources provides a platform for schools to work from.

**Even if you don’t adopt the Milestones steps, you can make use of the linked materials.**

#### Relevant Materials

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# Year 1

#### Year 1 Prerequisites

**Yr 1 ACMMG020:** Tell time to the half-hour. reading time on analogue and digital clocks**Starting Point**

Give students a blank page and ask them to draw a circular clock (analogue) showing four o’clock.

- Are the digits distributed evenly around the circle?
- Note not all clock faces are circular.

**Number line 1 – 12**

Recognise that the number line can be curved. Consider many scales are curved. Note when circular the 12 is at the starting position replacing zero and represents the o’clock position.

#### Relevant Sections

**TM1 –Time Matters Book 1 (Swan & Marshall)**

**M&G1 – Measurement and Geometry Year 1 (Marshall)**

**M&G2 – Measurement and Geometry Year 2 (Marshall)**

**M&G3 – Measurement and Geometry Year 3 (Marshall)**

#### Relevant Sections

Time Curriculum Thread (Contains First Steps Materials)

#### Identifying the Hands

- Minute hand: longer hand – points to 12 in o’clock times
- Hour Hand: shorter hand – the number the hour hand points to represents the o’clock time.

#### Relevant Sections

- Overlapping hour clock – TM1 p. 33
- Questions for teachers to ask – TM1 p. 34
- Show my time – TM1 p. 36

#### Relevant Free Stuff

TBA

#### Tell the time to the hour (analogue)

- Show each hour starting from 1:00, leave 6:00 and 12:00 to last.
- Physically move hands on a clock to show the time given orally.
- Eventually link digital clock to analogue clock.
- Recognise that digitally, o’clock times are shown as _ _:00

#### Relevant Sections

- Making personal analog clocks – TM1 p. 34
- Making personal digital clocks – TM1 p. 35
- Imagine a clock – TM1 p. 35
- Different orientations – TM1 p. 35
- Becoming a clock – TM1 p. 35
- Draw the times – TM1 p. 40
- What’s the time Mr Wolf – TM1 p. 43
- Clock Noughts and crosses – TM1 p. 44
- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Time Concentration – TM1 p. 57
- Time Dominoes – TM1 p. 67
- Self-checking Time cards – TM1 p. 75
- Class clock – M&G1 p.13
- Match the times 1 – M&G1 p.25

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Half Past Times (visual/graphic)

- Minute hand points to 6 in ‘half past’ times.
- Fraction understanding: the minute hand has travelled half way around the clock.

Fold circular paper to demonstrate. - Understand that as the minute hand moves around the clock the hour hand moves only a small distance. At half past the hour the hour hand will be half way between two numbers.

#### Relevant Sections

- Overlapping hour clock – TM1 p. 33
- Making personal analog clocks – TM1 p. 34
- Fraction ideas in any of Paul’s books???

#### Relevant Free Stuff

TBA

#### Half Past Times (digital)

- Recognise that Half past times are shown as _ _:30 on a digital clock.
- Times may be spoken as ‘half past’ or ‘_ thirty’.

#### Relevant Sections

- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Draw the times – TM1 p. 41

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Tell the time to the half hour (analogue)

- Physically move hands on a clock to show the time given orally. Both the minute and hour hands will need to be moved.
- Eventually link digital clock to analogue clock.
- Read time on analogue and digital clocks.

#### Relevant Sections

- Overlapping hour clock – TM1 p. 33
- Making personal analog clocks – TM1 p. 34
- Draw the times – TM1 p. 40
- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Self-checking Time cards – TM1 p. 76
- Match the times 2 – M&G1 p.26

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Times Over a Day

- Students need to realise the same time occurs twice each day; e.g. 7 o’clock in the morning and 7 o’clock at night.
- Distinguish between am (morning) and pm (afternoon)

#### Relevant Sections

TBA

#### Relevant Free Stuff

# Year 2

#### Year 2 Prerequisites

Yr 2 ACMMG039: Tell time to the quarter-hour, using the language of ‘past’ and ‘to’**Start of the year review:**

O’Clock times using standard analogue clock face.

Review all half past times using standard clock face**Introduce clock variations:**

roman numerals, missing digits, non-circular face.

variations first only on o’clock times, expanding to half-past times

#### Relevant Sections

TBA

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Quarter Past

- Minute hand points to 3 in ‘quarter past’ times.
- Fraction understanding: the minute hand has travelled a quarter of the way around the clock.
- Fold circular paper into quarters & shade.

#### Relevant Sections

- Overlapping hour clock – TM1 p. 33
- Fraction ideas

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Quarter Past - Minute Hand Movement

- Understand that as the minute hand moves around the clock the hour hand moves only a small distance. At quarter past the hour the hour hand will be one quarter of the way between two numbers.

#### Relevant Sections

- Overlapping hour clock – TM1 p. 33
- Making personal analog clocks – TM1 p. 34
- Imagine a clock – TM1 p. 35
- Different orientations – TM1 p. 35
- Becoming a clock – TM1 p. 35
- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Time Concentration – TM1 p. 57
- Time Dominoes – TM1 p. 67
- One-handed clock – TM1 p. 38
- Self-checking Time cards – TM1 p. 77
- Match the times – M&G2 p. 38
- Draw the times – M&G2 p. 39

#### Relevant Free Stuff

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#### Quarter Past (Digital)

- Recognise that quarter past times are shown as _ _:15 on a digital clock.
- Times may be spoken as ‘quarter past’ or ‘_ fifteen’.

#### Relevant Sections

- Making personal digital clocks – TM1 p. 35
- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Time Concentration – TM1 p. 57
- Time Dominoes – TM1 p. 67
- Match the times – M&G2 p. 38
- Draw the times – M&G2 p. 39

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Quarter To

- Minute hand points to 9 in ‘quarter to ’ times.
- Fraction understanding: Minute hand has travelled three-quarters of the way around the clock but only one quarter to go.

#### Relevant Sections

- Overlapping hour clock – TM1 p. 33

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Quarter To - Minute Hand Movement

- Understand that as the minute hand moves around the clock the hour hand moves only a small distance. At quarter to the hour the hour hand will be three-quarters of the way between two numbers.
- Place minute and hour hands correctly on a clock given digital representation, written representation and spoken time.
- Read time from a variety of clocks.

#### Relevant Sections

- Overlapping hour clock – TM1 p. 33
- Imagine a clock – TM1 p. 35
- Different orientations – TM1 p. 35
- Becoming a clock – TM1 p. 35
- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Time Concentration – TM1 p. 57
- Time Dominoes – TM1 p. 67
- One-handed clock – TM1 p. 38
- Self-checking Time cards – TM1 p. 77
- Match the times – M&G2 p. 38
- Draw the times – M&G2 p. 39

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Quarter To (Digital)

- Recognise that quarter past times are shown as _ _:45 on a digital clock. Times may be spoken as ‘quarter to’ or ‘_ forty-five’.
- Language issue: Nine forty five vs quarter to ten

#### Relevant Sections

- Making personal digital clocks – TM1 p. 35
- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Time Concentration – TM1 p. 57
- Time Dominoes – TM1 p. 67
- Self-checking Time cards – TM1 p. 77
- Match the times – M&G2 p. 38
- Draw the times – M&G2 p. 39

#### Relevant Free Stuff

# Year 3

#### Year 3 Prerequisites

Yr3 ACMMG062: Tell time to the minute …

recognising there are 60 minutes in an hour and 60 seconds in a minute

**Start of the year review:**

- O’Clock
- half past
- quarter past
- quarter to times
- using standard analogue clock faces
- Review some variations. Include digital representation.

#### Relevant Sections

TBA

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Time to the 5 Minutes

- Ability to count in fives to sixty
- Recognise each digit represents a multiple of five.
- Recognising that when the minute hand moves from one digit to the next, five minutes has passed.
- Link _ _:15, quarter past to _ _ fifteen
- Link _ _:45, quarter to, to _ _ forty-five

**Progress to intervals of ten:**

_ _:10 ten past

_ _ ten

_ _:20 twenty past

_ _ twenty

Note after ‘half past’ the language changes – the hour shown on ‘to’ times is one more on an analogue clock when compared with a digital clock

_ _: 40 twenty to,

and _ _ forty

_ _: 50, ten to

and _ _ fifty**Progress to intervals of five**

_ _: 05, five past, _ _ oh five

_ _ : 25, twenty-five past, _ _ twenty-five**Note after ‘half past’ the language can change**

e.g. _ _:35, twenty five to (the next number),

but the preferred language is _ _ thirty five.

_ _:55, five to (the next number), _ _ fifty five

Place minute and hour hands correctly on a clock given digital representation, written representation and spoken time.

#### Relevant Sections

- Making personal analog clocks – TM1 p. 34
- Making personal digital clocks – TM1 p. 35
- Five-minute time cards – TM1 p. 50
- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Time Concentration – TM1 p. 57
- Time Dominoes – TM1 p. 67
- Self-checking Time cards – TM1 p. 78
- Race around the clock face – TM1 p. 81
- Number line activity by fives – M&G3 p. 18
- Five-minute time cards – M&G3 p. 20

#### Relevant Free Stuff

#### Time to the Minute

- Time to the minute
- Ability to count in ones to sixty
- Recognise each interval on the number line (scale) represents a minute.
- Recognising that when the minute hand moves to the next interval, one minute has passed.
- Introduce second hand. In the time it takes to complete a rotation of the clock or watch face one minute will have passed and the minute hand will have moved one interval. That is 60 seconds = 1 minute.

#### Relevant Sections

- Making personal analog clocks – TM1 p. 34
- Making personal digital clocks – TM1 p. 35
- One-minute time cards – TM1 p. 51
- Clock Bingo – TM1 p.52
- Time Dominoes – TM1 p. 67
- Self-checking Time cards – TM1 p. 79
- Number line activity by ones – M&G3 p. 18
- One-minute time cards – M&G3 p. 21
- Five minutes later – M&G3 p. 24
- Digital and analogue – M&G3 p. 26
- Read and write the time – M&G3 p.27